I came across a video on Vimeo that I wanted to download to my computer so that I could watch it later. The Vimeo Downloader script for Linux no longer works as Vimeo have updated their site. So I fixed it:
Source code repository: https://github.com/johnteslade/vimeo-downloader
Run the following from the command line:
Update 28th Jan 2014
This script was broken following some changes made to the Vimeo site. The script on github now works again.
However, if you would like a cleaner interface I would recommend using the youtube-dl tool which, despite the name, supports Vimeo downloads. This tool is available in pypi and in many Linux package repositories.